The domesticated saffron crocus, Crocus sativus, is an autumn-flowering perennial plant. Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the “saffron crocus”. Saffron crocus grows to 20–30 cm (8–12 in) and bears up to four flowers, each with three vivid crimson stigmas, which are the distal end of a carpel. The styles and stigmas, called threads, are collected and dried to be used mainly as a seasoning and colouring agent in food. Saffron is one of the most valuable herbs of the world. The growing of saffron plant needs an individual climate, dry and hot weather in summer and cold in winter. The harvest begins in the middle of October. It should be done early in the morning before sunrise. each plant must be individually harvested.
After harvesting will be separated the stigma from flowers. The most important factors in saffron are crocine (color), picocrocine (flavor) and safranel (aroma). Higher number of these factors mean higher quality of saffron.
Iran answers for around 90–93% of global production and exports much of it. A few of Iran’s drier eastern and southeastern provinces, including Fars, Kerman, and those in the Khorasan region especially in Ghaaen, glean the bulk of modern global production. Saffron’s aroma is often described by connoisseurs as reminiscent of metallic honey with grassy or hay-like notes, while its taste has also been noted as hay-like and sweet. Saffron also contributes a luminous yellow-orange colouring to foods. Saffron is widely used in Persian.
Saffron contains more than 150 volatile and aroma-yielding compounds. It also has many nonvolatile active components, many of which are carotenoids, including zeaxanthin, lycopene, and various α- and β-carotenes.
There is some evidence to suggest that saffron helps with major depressive disorder. Preclinical studies indicate that saffron may warrant additional study in the treatment of cancer. One study suggests that saffron may help relieve the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. We offer you the best saffron cultivated in Ghaaen.